High Visibility Workwear Standards

EN ISO 20471

This International Standard specifies requirements for high visibility clothing, which is capable of visually signalling the user’s presence. The high visibility clothing is intended to provide conspicuity of the wearer in any light condition when viewed by the operators of vehicles or other mechanised equipment during daylight conditions and under illumination of headlights in the dark.
High Visibility clothing has a fluorescent surface, combined with reflective material that meets certification requirements in 3 different classes:

 

Class 3: Highest Level
Highest level of protection – required for any persons working on or near motorways or dual-carriage ways
or airports. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.80m2 of background material and 0.20m2 of retro-reflective
materials. (4 metres of 5cm wide reflective tape)

 

Class 2: Intermediate Level
Required for any persons working on or near A and B class roads, also for delivery drivers. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.50m2 of background material and 0.13m2 of retro-reflective material. (2.60 metres of 5cm wide reflective tape)

 

Class 1: Minimum Level
Minimum level of protection required for any persons working on a private road or to be used in
conjunction with a higher classed garment. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.14m2 of background
material and 0.10m2 of retro-reflective material. (2 metres of 5cm wide reflective tape)

EN 342 Protective Clothing – Ensembles and Garments for Protection Against Cold

EN 342 – PROTECTION AGAINST COLD
EN 342 is the harmonised European standard that specifies requirements and test methods for performance of clothing ensembles (ie. two piece suits or coveralls) and of single garments for protection against cold environments.
Garments are tested under the following performance parameters as shown on the pictogram below:

Thermal insulation
This is tested on a moving manikin. The unit of measurement is Icler and is stated in m2. It measures the amount of energy
per square metre required to maintain warmth – the higher the number, the better the rating. X indicates the Thermal Insulation
test on a stationary manikin and is not a compulsory part of the standard. The unit of measurement is Icle and is stated in m2.

Air Permeability
Air Permeability measures the ease with which the air can pass through the material. It is a measure of how wind proof the
garment is and again the higher the number the better the result. The air permeability on the example below achieves a Class 3.

Resistance to Water Penetration
The final result is Resistance to Water penetration, which achieves a Class 2 below. This is an optional test.
Results shown below are for S485 Hi-Vis Contrast Coverall.

EN 13356 – Visibility accessories for non professional use
This standard specifies the optical performance requirements for accessories which are to be worn, attached to or carried by people and designed for non-professional use. Visibility accessories complying with this standard are intended to signal the users presence visually when illuminated by vehicle headlight on dark roads.

ANSI/ISEA 107-2015

ANSI/ISEA 107 -2015 is the American National Standard for High Visibility Safety Apparel and Headwear. The industry standard developed by the American National Standards Institute provides a uniform, authoritative guide for the design, performance specifications and use of high visibility and reflective apparel including vests, jackets, bib/jumpsuit coveralls, pants and harnesses.
Garments that meet this standard can be worn 24 hours a day to provide users with a high level of conspicuity through the use of combined fluorescent and retro-reflective materials.

ANSI/ISEA 107- 2015 has 3 garment types indicated below:
ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 TYPE O CLASS 1 for Off-Road Use

ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 TYPE R CLASS 2 for Roadway Use
ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 TYPE R CLASS 3, for Roadway Use

ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 TYPE P CLASS 2 for Public Safety
ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 TYPE P CLASS 3 for Public Safety

EN 471:2003 + A1:2007
High Visibility Clothing
This standard was replaced by the new international standard EN ISO 20471:2013

AS/NZS 1906.4:2010
This Standard specifies the requirements for high visibility materials and reflective tape to be used on industrial safety garments for outdoor daytime use and for use at night or in other dark conditions where the wearer needs to be highly visible.

EN 343 – Protective Clothing, Protection Against Rain
EN 343 is the harmonised European standard that applies to garments worn in adverse weather conditions. It specifies the characteristics of protective clothing against the influence of foul weather, wind and cool above -5°c. The standard provides for two performance parameters:

X = Waterproofness (3 levels)
Y = Breathable properties (3 levels)

RIS-3279-TOM
RIS-3279-TOM Issue 1 has replaced GO/RT 3279. Railway Industry Standard (RIS) sets out the minimum specification for high visibility warning clothing in the Rail Industry.

EN 510 – Protective clothing for use where there is a risk of entanglement from moving parts
This standard specifies the properties of protective clothing that minimise the risk of its entanglement or drawing-in by moving parts when the wearer is working on or near hazardous moving machines or devices.

EN 1150 – Visibility Protective Clothing for non-professional use
This European standard specifies the optical performance requirements for high visibility clothing to be worn by adults and by juveniles, and designed for non-professional use.

 

ISO 13688 – Protective clothing – General requirements
This international standard specifies general requirements and recommendations for ergonomics, ageing, sizing and marking of protective clothing, and for information supplied by the manufacturer.
Every certified garment in this brochure is also certified to ISO 13688. This standard replaces the old EN340 standard.

EN 14058 – Protective Clothing- Garments For Protection Against Cool Environments
This standard specifies requirements and test methods for the performance of single garments for protection against cooling of the body in cool environments. Cool environments are as a result of a combination of humidity and wind at temperatures of -5°C and above.

At moderate low temperatures garments against local body cooling are not only used for outdoor activities but can be used for indoor activities. In these cases garments often do not need to be made of watertight or air impermeable materials. Therefore, these requirements are optional for this standard.

European Hand Protection Standards

Protective Gloves : General Requirements

EN 420 2003 + A1: 2009
This standard defines the general requirements for glove design and construction, innocuousness, cleaning instructions, electrostatic properties, sizing, dexterity, water vapour transmission and absorption along with marking and information.

PROTECTIVE GLOVES AGAINST MECHANICAL RISKS

EN 388 – 2016
EN388:2003 Standards specifies physical and mechanical aggression caused by abrasion, blade cut, tearing and puncture. EN388:2016 updates the existing standard with this new test method for abrasion, blade cut & impact resistance. EN ISO 13997:1999 (TDM test) records cut results as a Newton value – the force of the blade on the glove material needed to cut through the material 20mm. The results are represented on a scale A-F.

Protective Gloves : Against chemicals and micro-organisms (AS/NZS 2161.3)

EN 374-1: 2003 (AS/NZS 2161 .10.1)
This European standard specifies the requirements for gloves to protect the user against chemicals and/or micro-organisms and defines terms to be used.

EN 374-2:2003 (AS/NZS 2161 .10.2)
This European Standard specifies a test method for the penetration resistance of gloves that protect against chemicals and/or micro-organisms.

EN 374-3: 2003 (AS/NZS 2161 .10.3)
This European Standard specifies the determination of the resistance of protective glove materials to permeation by potentially hazardous nongaseous chemicals under the condition of continuous contact.

Gloves must prove that they are an effective barrier against liquids and microorganisms.
Performance levels are according to Acceptable Quality Levels (AQL) whereby samples are taken from a batch of gloves and tested during production for pinholes and leaks by either inflation with air or by filling with water.

Gloves must meet at least level 2, to be considered micro-organism resistant.
(Level 1 = AQL 4.0) (Level 2 = AQL 1.5) (Level 3 = AQL 0.65)

The “Low Chemical Resistant” or “Waterproof” glove pictogram is to be used for those gloves that do not achieve a breakthrough time of at least 30 minutes against at least three chemicals from the defined list, but which comply with the penetration test.

Protective Gloves For Welders

EN 12477: 2001 (AS/NZS 2161.3)
This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for protective gloves for use in manual metal welding, cutting and allied processes. According to their performance, protective gloves for welders are classified into two types.

Type A: Lower dexterity (with higher other performance).
Type B: Higher dexterity (with lower other performance).

Protective Gloves: Mechanical Vibration And Shock

EN 10819: 1996 (AS/NZS 2161.3)
This European Standard specifies a method for the laboratory measurement, the data analysis and reporting of the vibration transmissibility of gloves in terms of vibration transmission from a handle to the palm of the hand in the frequency range from 31.5 Hz to 1250 Hz. The standard is intended to define a screening test for the vibration transmission through gloves.

EN1149
Protective Clothing: Electrostatic Properties
EN 1149 – 1:2006
This European Standard specifies a test method for materials intended to be used in the manufacturing of electrostatic dissipative protective clothing (or gloves) to avoid incendiary discharge. This test method is not applicable for materials to be used in the manufacturing of protection clothing or gloves against mains voltages.

EN 1149 – 5:2008
Protective Clothing – Electrostatic Properties – Part 5. Material Performance and Design Requirements.
This European standard is part of a series of standards for test methods and requirements for electrostatic properties of protective clothing. The standard specifies material and design requirements for garments used as part of a total earthed system, to avoid incendiary discharges. The requirements may not be sufficient in oxygen enriched flammable atmospheres. This standard is not applicable for protection against mains voltages.

ESD GLOVES
ESD gloves are used to divert static electricity. Surface resistivity is tested according to methods specified in EN1149-1 but test samples must meet the requirements of EN1149-5.

CE Food Safe
European legislation with respect to Food Contact Materials (Directive EC1935/2004) requires that food contact materials shall not transfer their ingredients to food and must not modify the organoleptic properties (ie. colour, smell, texture and taste) of the food. Products intended for food contact shall be labelled as such.

Protective Gloves: for users of hand held chainsaws
EN 381-7: 1999
This European Standard specifies the requirements for gloves for resistance to cutting by a chainsaw when assessed by the test method described in EN381-4. The requirements are also given for marking and for the provision of information to be supplied by the manufacturer including criteria for the selection of appropriate gloves and instructions for use.

Flame Resistant European Standards

EN ISO 11612: 2015
Protective Clothing Against Heat and Flame

 

The performance requirements set out in this international standard are applicable to garments, which could be worn for a wide range of end uses, where there is a need for clothing with limited flame spread properties and where the user can be exposed to radiant, convective or contact heat or molten metal splashes. This test uses standard methods and conditions to predict the performance of fabric/garments in the event of contact with heat or flames. Garment features such as seams, closures and
logos must be tested as well as the fabric. Tests must be carried out on pre-treated components according to the manufacturers care label.

Specific testing is listed below:

  • Dimensional change
  • Limited flame spread (A1+A2)*
  • Convective heat (B) – 3 levels
  • Radiant heat (C) – 4 levels
  • Molten aluminium splash (D) – 3 levels
  • Molten iron splash (E) – 3 levels
  • Contact heat (F) – 3 levels (temperature 250 degrees Celsius)
  • Heat resistance at a temperature of 180 degrees Celsius.
  • Tensile strength (must meet a minimum of 300N)
  • Tear strength (must meet a minimum of 10N)
  • Bursting strength
  • Seam strength

Garment design requires that coverage must be provided from the neck to the wrists and to the ankles. Optional testing includes water vapour resistance and manikin testing for overall burn prediction.
*This test must be carried out on fabric and seams.

ISO 13506: 2008
Manikin Test ISO 13506

 

This test method provides the general principles for evaluating the performance of complete garments or protective clothing ensembles in a flash re or other short duration exposures.

Within the EN ISO 11612 standard, an optional test is available to provide predictions of burn injury using an instrumented, heat sensing, life size manikin, complying with the ISO 13506 test method. Manikin testing creates a realistic simulation of a flash fire condition and analyses the response of manikin heat sensors to predict the potential tissue burn damage to the wearer of industrial clothing.

The effects of exposure to flame are dependent not only on the basic protective qualities of the fabric but on factors such as the quality of the garment fit and the presence of air gaps between the different layers of clothing. The presence of undergarments also has a significant effect on protection. Testing is carried out by exposing a fully clothed manikin, to flame engulfment for a minimum period of four seconds.

The manikin is fitted with a minimum of 100 sensors positioned all over the body, arms, legs and head. The purpose of the sensors is to measure the variation in temperature on the manikin surface during a test with the manikin clothed – designed to replicate the rate at which human skin absorbs energy.

Heat energy absorbed by the sensors is recorded by the manikin’s computer software, with data normally collected for up to 120 seconds after the burn. From the information gathered, a report is produced showing a “body map” indicating predicted body burn of either no burns, first, second or third degree burns and where they would have occurred.

There are no “Pass” or “Fail” criteria in the ISO13506 standard.

One of the most useful functions of these Manikin tests is to allow garments to be compared directly to each other under identical conditions. Comparisons can be made between different types of clothing fabrics, design, construction, finish, etc. to improve levels of protection and to see how different types and mixes of materials and layers / undergarments perform in the same environment.

ATEX Directive
The ATEX Directive defines what equipment is permitted in an environment where an explosive atmosphere may exist. We recommend using garments certified to EN1149 and EN ISO 11611 for added protection in an ATEX environment.

EN ISO 11611: 2015
Protective Clothing For Use In Welding And Allied Processes

 

This international standard specifies minimum basic safety requirements and test methods for protective clothing for use in welding and allied processes (excluding hand protection). The international standard specifies two classes with specific performance requirements.

Class 1 is protection against less hazardous welding techniques and situations causing lower levels of spatter and radiant heat.

Class 2 is protection against more hazardous welding techniques and situations causing higher levels of spatter and radiant heat.

EN ISO 11611 requires that protective suits completely cover the upper and lower torso, neck, arms and legs. There are a number of other design requirements which must be followed, to prevent molten droplets lodging anywhere on the garment.

Testing must be carried out on pre-treated components according to the manufacturers care label.

The following is a summary of the testing required:
• Tensile strength (must meet a minimum of 400 N)
• Tear strength (must meet a minimum of 15N for class 1 and 20N for class 2)
• Bursting strength
• Seam strength
• Dimensional change
• Requirements of leather
• Limited flame spread (A1+A2)*
• Molten droplets
• Heat transfer (radiation)
• Electrical resistance
*This test must be carried out on fabric and seams.