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The following safety equipment is used to protect workers from injury when they are at risk of falling
Fall arrest equipment is used to prevent injuries from falls. There are two types of fall arrest equipment:
Fall Restraint Equipment—This type of equipment includes lanyards, lifelines and deceleration devices that stop you from falling more than 6 feet after the rope or wire has been cut.
Fall Arrest Equipment—This type of equipment uses a rope or wire to arrest your fall in case something happens during a climb such as losing your grip or slipping off the ladder. It also allows you to be lowered safely to the ground once you’ve completed your job using a self-retracting lifeline (SRL).
Fall arrest equipment is designed to arrest a fall and minimize the impact of hitting the ground after a worker has fallen. Fall arrest equipment can be classified in three types:
Passive Fall Arrest - This type of fall protection uses potentially body-worn devices (such as harnesses, lanyards and deceleration devices) that are attached to an anchor located above your head. These systems are designed to catch, stop or slow down a person who falls unexpectedly. The most common system of passive fall protection involves connecting a body harness around your waist with two lanyards—one connected to an anchor point at waist level and one connected near your feet on either side of you—to create what's known as a "three-point" restraint system so that no matter which way you're facing when you fall, there will always be some type of anchoring system beneath you that keeps from hitting the ground.
Fall restraint equipment is the most basic PPE of the fall protection systems, but it's also one of the most important. Fall restraint equipment keeps workers from getting in areas where they could fall. It includes harnesses, lanyards and lifelines.
Some examples of fall restraint equipment are:
Fall protection equipment is an important part of any workplace. It provides a way for workers to safely do their jobs without being in danger of falling. If you are going to be using fall protection equipment, there are a few safety precautions that you should follow:
Make sure that the equipment has been inspected and tested regularly. Even if it has been used for some time, it can still wear down over time and become less effective in keeping your workers safe from injury or death in case they fall from heights of 20 feet or more.
Ensure that the area where you plan on setting up the fall protection gear is very clear and free from any obstructions or structures that could cause injuries if someone were to bump into them while working with this kind of equipment on their body (such as ladders).
Safety nets are used to minimize the energy created by a fall. A safety net can be used to catch a worker who has fallen from height, or protect workers from falling into hazardous areas.
Safety nets are installed at heights where workers could fall and injure themselves. Safety net systems consist of two main components: anchors at the top of an area where you want your safety net and cables that connect these anchors together. The cables form a web-like structure that spreads out below your work area like a spider’s web (hence the name). Safety nets are designed with different materials depending on how high up they need to be installed—for example, polyester is commonly used in roofing applications while polypropylene is much more common in other applications where rope strength may come into play (such as industrial sites).
A safety net is a net that is placed below a worker who is at risk of falling. The net minimizes the energy created by the fall so that the worker doesn’t hit the ground with full force. As an example, if you were to stand on top of a high building or on a steep hillside and jump, there would be some distance between your body and where you land after falling. A safety net would catch you before hitting the ground and limit how much force was absorbed during impact.
Safety nets are commonly used in industrial settings like construction sites or oil rigs where workers may have access to dangerous heights but need to work at those heights anyway; however they can also be used around pools or other places where people might accidentally fall into water if they lose their balance unexpectedly.
Positioning equipment is used to help workers maintain good posture, and can be used in place of guardrails, safety nets or warning lines and barricades.
Positioning equipment may include:
Fall arrest systems (also known as work positioning systems)
Lanyards/fall arrest lanyards
Warning lines, also known as safety lines or warning tapes, are used to mark areas where workers need to take extra caution. They are often located around roof edges or platforms and can be attached to any type of solid structure that is accessible to all individuals in the area. Warning lines should be installed approximately 3 feet from the edge of a roof or platform, but this distance may vary depending on local building codes as well as other factors such as weather conditions (i.e., snow accumulation during winter months).
Warning tape should not be used when guardrails and safety nets are available; however, if there is no room for guardrails due to the shape of an area being worked on or because it would obstruct access to important areas like skylights or doors, then warning tape may be necessary. This means that your first step will always be identifying whether you have enough room for either type before deciding which one works best for your situation—if neither option seems viable then perhaps it would make sense just starting over with something entirely different!
Warning lines and barricades are used when there isn’t enough room for guardrails or safety nets or when guardrail or safety net systems aren’t practical. An example would be when guardrails aren’t practical due to the slope of a roof or if it would obstruct access to important areas like skylights or doors.
Warning lines can also be used in conjunction with safety nets, especially at heights that are too high for workers to reach manually without equipment.
To use fall protection equipment safely and properly, it's important to understand that your fall protection system should always be set up so that employees have enough room to do their jobs safely without hitting any structures that could cause injury.